There are numerous non-timber benefits arising from the planting and natural regeneration of forest, woodlands, and margins under Integrated Forest Management.
These benefits are described below:
It is generally acknowledged that an increase in biodiversity occurs following planting and natural regeneration of pasture. More particularly, our indigenous biodiversity, especially birds, are enhanced by the revegetation of pasture with woody species and the planting of trees, both exotic and indigenous.
It is well known that the risk of soil erosion, both sheet and mass wasting, is reduced as a result of tree establishment. The greater soil-holding capability of trees, particularly indigenous trees, is a simple function of the greater root strength and greater rooting depth compared to grassland species.
These soil stabilising benefits are likely to become increasingly important for the New Zealand landscape, the New Zealand economy and the primary sector as the effects of climate change lead to the increased intensity and frequency of extreme weather events.
Improved Water Quality
Associated with soil stability is the additional benefit of improved water quality. It is widely recognised that water quality is improved and maintained by the establishment and careful management of forested catchments.
Aesthetics and Landscape
It is almost without question that humans respond most positively to diversity in their landscape. New Zealanders and tourists alike expect and need this diversity in the rural and natural environment and happily, nature itself seems to have the same preference.